A Brief History Of Energy Laws

by Lilly on February 21, 2013

(Mainly based on energy laws from the USA)

1)      1954 – The Atomic Energy Act was introduced controlling nuclear accident liability and use of atomic materials.

2)      1963 – Clean Air Act: Air pollution research was authorised and automobile emission standards established.

3)      1969 – Council on Environmental Policy was established via the National Environmental Policy Act. All federally funded projects now needed environmental impact assessment.

4)      1970 – The Environmental Protection Agency was established by the Reorganization Plan No. 3. Clean Air Act was passed.

5)      1973 – Measures were taken to stabilize the availability and price of oil via the Emergency Petroleum Allocation Act.

6)      1974 – The Nuclear Regulatory Commission was established via the Energy Reorganization Act. In addition the Deepwater Port Act of 1974 was passed.

7)      1975 – Standards for vehicle fuel efficiency were established and incentives added to increase oil production via the Energy Policy and Conservation Act of 1975.

8)      1977 – The year of Clean Air Act Amendments and establishment of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission.

9)      1978 – The Uranium Mill Tailings Radiation Commission Control Act was passed in this year. Other legislations passed in this year include – National Energy Conservation Policy Act, Energy Tax Act, Public Utility Regulatory Policies Act, Nuclear Non-Proliferation Act, Natural Gas Policy Act, Powerplant and Industrial Fuel Use Policy Act and National Energy Conservation Policy Act.

10)   1980 – CERCLA, better recognized as Superfund was passed this year. Crude Oil Windfall Profits Tax Act was also passed this year.

11)   1981 – Price and allocation controls removed from crude and refined petroleum products by the Executive Order 12287.

12)   1982 – Nuclear Waste Policy Act of 1982 was passed.

13)   1983 – The year of Presidential Proclamation Numbered 5030.

14)   1985 – This year saw the Low-Level Radioactive Waste Policy Amendment Act being passed.

15)   1986 – The Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation and Liability Act of 1980 was strengthened this year.

16)   1989-1994 – The EPA started regulating gasoline volatility and formulations.

17)   1990 – The Oil Pollution Act and Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 were passed.

18)   1992 – US energy markets were restructured by the Energy Policy Act of 1992.

19)   2000 – Protection for marine environments and policies for development of offshore oil and gas laid out in the Amendment to Outer Continental Shelf Lands Act of 1953.

20)   2005 – The FERC was authorized the NERC’s role (of designating an Electric Reliability Organization) by the Energy Policy Act of 2005.

21)   2007 – Reduction of energy use, shifting vehicle fleets and increasing renewable consumption were the focus of Executive order 13423.

22)   2008 – Energy credits were provided for investment in energy efficiency like solar, wind, fuel cells and geothermal by the Emergency Economic Stabilization Act of 2008.

23)   2009 – Executive Order 13514 gives federal agencies set requirements for greenhouse gas management and energy efficiency. Billions of dollars are set aside for environmental cleanup, fossil fuel research, smart grids, energy efficiency and energy reliability via the American Recovery and Reinvestment Act of 2009.

24)   2010 – The MRM (Mineral Revenue Management) program is split into three parts – the BOEMRE, environmental enforcement bureau and the ONRR by Secretarial Order Number 3299. The Minerals Management Service is renamed to the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, Regulation and Enforcement by Secretarial Order Number 3302.

25)   2011 – Protection from hazardous air pollutants was provided for by the Final Rule from the Environmental Protection Agency.

Guest Post by contributing author Lilly Sheperd. Lilly currently represent Texas Electricity Providers the best place to find and compare great energy prices here.



I'm Lilly Sheperd, an occasional guest-blogger and a full time freelance communication consultant. When not blogging, I like to travel and read a lot, especially about education and law.

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